Research | United States


Heatherton TF, Sargent JD. Does watching smoking in movies promote teenage smoking?. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 2009;18(2):63–67. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8721.2009.01610.x. 1 April 2009.
Dalton MA, Beach ML, Adachi-Mejia AM, Longacre MR, Matzkin A, Sargent JD, Heatherton TF, Titus-Ernstoff LT. Early exposure to movie smoking predicts established smoking by older teens and young adults. Pediatrics. 2009;123(4):e551-e558. doi:10.1542/peds.2008-2102. 1 April 2009.
Longacre MR, Adachi-Mejia AM, Titus-Ernstoff LT, Gibson JJ, Beach ML, Dalton M. Parental attitudes about cigarette smoking and alcohol use in the Motion Picture Association of America rating system. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2009;163(3):218-224. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2008.550. 1 March 2009.
Titus K, Polansky JR, Glantz SA. Smoking presentation trends in U.S. movies 1991-2008. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. San Francisco, CA. 1 February 2009.
Duke JC, Allen JA, Pederson LL, Mowery PD, Xiao H, Sargent JD. Reported exposure to pro-tobacco messages in the media: Trends among youth in the United States, 2000–2004. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2009;23(3):195-202. doi:10.4278/ajhp.071130126. 1 January 2009.
Sargent JD, Morgenstern M, Isensee B, Hanewinkel R. Movie smoking and urge to smoke among adult smokers. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2009;11(9):1042-1046. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntp097. 1 January 2009.


Sargent JD, Gibson JJ, Heatherton TF. Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking. Tobacco Control. 2009;18:47-53. doi:10.1136/tc.2008.026153. 23 October 2008.
Lum KL, Polansky JR, Jackler RK, Glantz SA. Signed, sealed and delivered: 'Big tobacco' in Hollywood, 1927-1951. Tobacco Control. 2008;17(5):313-323. doi:10.1136/tc.2008.025445. 28 September 2008.
Wills TA, Sargent JD, Stoolmiller M, Gibbons FX, Gerrard M. Movie smoking exposure and smoking onset: A longitudinal study of mediation processes in a representative sample of U.S. adolescents. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors. 2008;22(2):269-277. doi:10.1037/0893-164X.22.2.269. 1 June 2008.
Sargent JD, Worth KA, Beach ML, Gerrard M, Heatherton TF. Population-based assessment of exposure to risk behaviors in motion pictures. Communication Methods and Measures. 2008;2(1-2):134-151. doi:10.1080/19312450802063404. 1 January 2008.
Titus-Ernstoff LT, Dalton MA, Adachi-Mejia AM, Longacre MR, Beach ML. Longitudinal study of viewing smoking in movies and initiation of smoking by children. Pediatrics. 2008;121(1):15-21. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-0051. 1 January 2008.