Research | Film content


Shadel WG, Martino SC, Haviland A, Setodji C, Primack BA. Smoking motives in movies are important for understanding adolescent smoking: A preliminary investigation. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2010;12(8):850-854. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntq099. 24 June 2010.
Anderson SJ, Millett C, Polansky JR, Glantz SA. Exposure to smoking in movies among British adolescents 2001-2006. Tobacco Control. 2010;19:197-200. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.034991. 1 June 2010.
Lyons A, McNeill A, Chen Y, Britton J. Tobacco and tobacco branding in films most popular in the UK from 1989 to 2008. Thorax. 2010;65:417-422. doi:10.1136/thx.2009.130716. 1 May 2010.
Jamieson PE, Romer D. Trends in US movie tobacco portrayal since 1950: A historical analysis. Tobacco Control. 2010;19:179-184. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.034736. 1 April 2010.


Tickle JJ, Beach ML, Dalton MA. Tobacco, alcohol and other risk behaviors in film: How well do MPAA ratings distinguish content?. Journal of Health Communication. 2009;14(8):756-67. doi:10.1080/10810730903295567. 21 December 2009.
Harakeh Z, Engels RCME, Vohs K, van Baaren R, Sargent JD. Exposure to movie smoking, antismoking ads, and smoking intensity: An experimental study with a factorial design. Tobacco Control. 2010;19:185-190. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.030684. 11 December 2009.
Thrasher JF, Sargent JD, Huang L, Arillo-Santillán E, Dorantes-Alonso A, Pérez-Hernández R. Does film smoking promote youth smoking in middle-income countries?: A longitudinal study among Mexican adolescents. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention. 2009;18:3444-3450. doi:10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0883. 3 December 2009.
Lochbuehler K, Engels RCME, Scholte RHJ. Influence of smoking cues in movies on craving among smokers. Addiction. 2009;104(12):2102-2109. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02712.x. 5 October 2009.
Tanski SEE, Stoolmiller M, Dal Cin S, Worth K. Movie character smoking and adolescent smoking: Who matters more, good guys or bad guys? P. Pediatrics. 2009;124(1): 135–143. doi:10.1542/peds.2007-3420. 25 August 2009.
Sargent JD, Heatherton JF. Comparison of trends for adolescent smoking and smoking in movies, 1990-2007. Journal of American Medical Association. 2009;301(21):2211-2213. doi:10.1001/jama.2009.. 3 June 2009.
Sargent JD, Hanewinkel R. Comparing the effects of entertainment media and tobacco marketing on youth smoking in Germany. Addiction. 2009;104(5):815-823. doi:10.1111/j.1360-0443.2009.02542.x. 1 May 2009.
Titus K, Polansky JR, Glantz SA. Smoking presentation trends in U.S. movies 1991-2008. UCSF Center for Tobacco Control Research and Education. San Francisco, CA. 1 February 2009.
Duke JC, Allen JA, Pederson LL, Mowery PD, Xiao H, Sargent JD. Reported exposure to pro-tobacco messages in the media: Trends among youth in the United States, 2000–2004. American Journal of Health Promotion. 2009;23(3):195-202. doi:10.4278/ajhp.071130126. 1 January 2009.