Research | Film content

2001

Tickle JJ, Sargent JD, Dalton MA, Beach ML, Heatherton TF. Favourite movie stars, their tobacco use in contemporary films, and its association with adolescent smoking. Tobacco Control. 2001;10(1):16–22. doi:10.1136/tc.10.1.16. 1 March 2001.
Sargent J, Tickle J, Beach ML, Dalton MA, Ahrens MB, Heatherton TF. Brand appearances in contemporary cinema films and contribution to global marketing of cigarettes. The Lancet. 2001;357(9249:29-32. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(00)03568-6. 6 January 2001.

2000

Hines D, Saris RN, Throckmorton-Belzer L. Cigarette smoking in popular films: Does it increase viewers' likelihood to smoke?. Journal of Applied Social Psychology. 2000;30(11):2246–2269. doi:10.1111/j.1559-1816.2000.tb02435.x. 1 November 2000.
Escamilla G, Cradock AL, Kawachi I. Women and smoking in Hollywood movies: A content analysis. American Journal of Public Health. 2000;90(3):412–414. doi:10.2105/AJPH.90.3.412. 1 March 2000.

1999

Shields DLL, Carol J, Balbach ED, McGee S. Hollywood on tobacco: How the entertainment industry understands tobacco portrayal. Tobacco Control. 1999;8(4):378-86. doi:10.1136/tc.8.4.378. 1 December 1999.
Goldstein AO, Sobel RA, Newman GR. Tobacco and alcohol use in G-rated children's animated films. Journal of the American Medical Association. 1999 Mar 24-31;281(12):1131-6. 24 March 1999.
Distefan JM, Gilpin EA, Sargent JD, Pierce JP. Do movie stars encourage adolescents to start smoking? Evidence from California. Preventive Medicine. 1999;28(1):1-11. doi:10.1006/pmed.1998.0409. 1 January 1999.

1998

Teti T, Glantz SA. Smoking in movies remained high in 1997. Tobacco Control. 1998;7:441. doi:10.1136/tc.7.4.441. 1 December 1998.
Everett SA, Schnuth RL, Tribble JL. Tobacco and alcohol use in top-grossing American films. Journal of Community Health. 1998;23(4):317-24. doi:10.1023/A:1018727606500. 1 August 1998.
McIntosh WD, Bazzini DG, Smith SM, Wayne SM. Who smokes in Hollywood? Characteristics of smokers in popular films from 1940 to 1989. Addictive Behavior. 1998;23(3):395-398. doi:10.1016/S0306-4603(97)00071-3. 1 May 1998.

1997

Stockwell T, Glantz SA. Tobacco use is increasing in popular films. Tobacco Control. 1997;6(4):282–284. doi:10.1136/tc.6.4.282. 1 December 1997.

1995

1994

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